A national business card often benefits from more or less prestigious, unexpected or anecdotal affiliations to restricted clubs that go beyond the geographical horizon of its own continent. Unexpected were, last June, the admissions of French-speakers Togo and Gabon to the Commonwealth. Prestigious would be the admission of Nigeria as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, claimed once again in November by President Buhari’s chief of staff…
Can Algeria become a member of BRICS?
At the same time, it is on the side of a other group that Algeria is eyeing. On November 7, the head of international partnerships at the Algerian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Leila Zerrouki, officially requested that her country join the BRICS. As this acronym indicates, the group currently brings together three countries commonly recognized as emerging – Brazil, India and China –, a nation considered a “power in the process of restoration” – Russia – and South Africa generally qualified as a “regional power” of a continent destined to be decisive, particularly in demographic and economic terms.
While this quintet could represent 40% of world GDP in 2025, according to certain projections, it intends to organize itself to have more influence in the decisions of organizations such as the G20 or the WTO. And Algeria has good reason to think that the context is conducive to an enlargement in its favour.
Firstly: the concept of Brics has never been fixed, since we sometimes evoke the Bricsam by adding, in an informal way, the Mexico to the initial structure. At the last summit of the organization, in June 2022, the principle of the accession of new countries had also been recorded. Second: President Tebboune is aware that the war in Ukraine is inspiring China and Russia to build a front opposed to the presumed Western hegemony.
War in Ukraine: “Algiers does not have the means to offer an alternative to Russian gas”
Third: even if Iran or Saudi Arabia are eyeing in the same direction, Algeria considers its relations with the various members of the group to be optimal. Beijing and Moscow have already declared that they support the Algerian candidacy. Economically and diplomatically, South Africa is Algiers’ main continental ally. As far as Brazil is concerned, President Lula, back in business, should be more afrophile than his predecessor.
The time of accessions not being that of diplomatic impulses, Algeria knows that it will have to be patient, the hasty enlargements of this kind of crews often being the source of turbulence for them ships…