Halfway through the five-year term of Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé, re-elected for a fourth term with 70.78% of the votes cast in the first round on February 22, 2020, the opposition remains destabilized and is struggling to regain strength. Especially since the former Prime Minister Agbéyomé Kodjo, candidate from Patriotic Movement for Democracy and Development (MPDD) and the Dynamic Monsignor Kpodzro (DMK), which came second after the presidential election with 19.46% of the votes cast (compared to 0.9% in 2010), ” taken to the maquis” since mid-2020.
A shift into hiding following a new summons to justice for “undermining the internal security of the State”, “dissemination of false information” and “aggravated disturbances to public order”, after Agbéyomé Kodjo proclaimed himself “elected president”. In March 2021, since his exile, he officially gave up his seat in the National Assembly.
The re-election of Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé has obviously reinforced the weight of the Union for the Republic (Unir) which, since the legislative elections of 2018 – boycotted by the main opposition parties, including the National Alliance for Change (ANC), of Jean-Pierre Fabre –, has a large majority of 59 seats out of 91 in the National Assembly, without counting the 18 independent deputies whose positions are often favorable.