The opposition refused, on October 3, the dialogue as proposed by the junta, which it accuses of authoritarian exercise of power and “inadmissible” attacks on fundamental rights. Colonel Mamadi Doumbouya, who took power by force in September 2021 and has since been sworn in as president, on September 19 instituted an “inclusive dialogue framework” intended to involve as many people as possible in political affairs during the transition period. which must precede the return of civilians to the head from pays.
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The junta plans to stay in power for three years. The main parties and a large part of civil society complain not only of having been marginalized, but of being the target of arrests and restrictions on freedoms.
Like the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) or the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, part of the international community is concerned about the evolution of the situation and urged the junta to allow a dialogue.
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Established a few days before an ECOWAS summit, the “dialogue framework” therefore aims “to reach the widest possible consensus” on the conduct of the transition period, for example on the timetable or on the confidence-building measures to be adopted. , Prime Minister Bernard Goumou explained on 20 September. This did not prevent ECOWAS, on September 22, on the sidelines of the 77e United Nations General Assembly held in New York, to take “gradual” measures, the details of which have not yet been revealed.
Arbitrary detention and exile
Several organizations deplored in a press release “the unilateralism which presided over the creation of this framework for dialogue” and its “subordination” to the junta. This dialogue provides for three positions of national “facilitators”, appointed by the Prime Minister, and supported by a “facilitator” appointed by ECOWAS. The latter acts more as an extra than an actor “capable of removing all obstacles, in particular unacceptable attacks on fundamental rights and freedoms”, say the signatories of the press release. “The main political and opinion leaders are subject to arbitrary detention, judicial harassment or are forced into exile”, they add, recalling that demonstrations are prohibited.
The signatories include the National Alliance for Alternation and Democracy (Anad), a coalition of parties and associations, as well as the National Front for the Defense of the Constitution (FNDC) and the Rally of the People of Guinea (RPG). Arc-en-ciel), the party of President Alpha Condé, overthrown in 2021.