THE INFOGRAPHIC – One is carried by Morocco, the other by Algeria. Each will leave from Nigeria, a stakeholder in the two projects, to reach Europe: the Nigeria Morocco Gas Pipeline (NMGP) via the West African coast, the Nigeria-Niger-Algeria (Nigal) – or “Trans-Saharan” (TSGP) – through the Sahel. Economically strategic in a context of redistribution of the cards on the energy market – and gas in particular – these two competing projects also fuel competition. in between Discount an Algae.
Complex, immense, very expensive… They have long been considered unachievable, but could well benefit from the energy crisis caused by the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Morocco, Algeria and Nigeria have, in any case, hastened to position themselves as representing the best alternative for supplying Europe with gas, at a time when the latter has just given up its main supplier, Russia.
Lagging investment promises
Since the European decision, the announcements follow one another. On September 15, Morocco’s National Hydrocarbons and Mines Office (Onhym), the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC, Nigerian national company) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) signed a Memorandum of Understanding for the NMGP. This signature comes three months after the green light from Abuja, in June. On July 28, Algeria, Nigeria and Niger signed a memorandum of understanding and implementation, after an initial agreement in february.
Morocco-Algeria: the decisive battle of the gas pipelines is launched
In Rabat, the president of Onhym, Amina Benkhadra, talks about contacts with Europeans. In Abuja, Oil Minister Timipre Sylva says the Russians are interested. On July 18, the Nigerian ambassador in Moscow, Abdullahi Shehu, even went so far as to announce that the Russian company United Metallurgical Company was already associated with the financing of the project, which the company immediately denied. However, apart from the 45 million dollars offered by the Islamic Development Bank and the 13 million by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Fund for International Development (Fodi) to finance part of the study preliminary engineering (Feed, phase II) for the Nigeria-Morocco gas pipeline, promises of investment are long overdue…
Can these gas pipelines really replace Russian demand? Which of the two is more likely to come out of the ground? Who would benefit from financing them? Decryption in infographics.