Has António Guterres said too much or not enough? Asked on September 18 about the means available to the M23 rebellion, the UN Secretary General compared it to a “modern army, with heavy equipment which is more sophisticated than that of MONUSCO”. On the other hand, he refused to take a position on the question of support from Rwanda to this armed group, contenting itself with saying that ” [les rebelles du M23] were not born in the forest [et qu’ils venaient] from somewhere”. Was Kinshasa disappointed? “We cannot say that this is a surprise, replies a Congolese diplomat. The UN has been saying this for several months. “This is an admission of the powerlessness of the United Nations,” adds a minister of Felix Tshisekedi.
DRC: should MONUSCO leave?
At the UN forum, where he was speaking on September 20, the head of state nevertheless reiterated his accusations against Kigali. “Rwanda’s involvement and responsibility in the tragedy experienced by my country and my compatriots in the areas occupied by the Rwandan army and its M23 allies are no longer debatable”, he asserted. Félix Tshisekedi also called on the “United Nations, the African Union, the African regional communities and the partners of the DRC to no longer trust the shameless denials of the Rwandan authorities”.
Paul Kagame indirectly answered him during his speech on September 21 at the same podium. “There is an urgent need to find the political will to finally tackle the root causes of instability in eastern DRC. The blame game does not solve the problems”, declared the Rwandan president, who has denied, since the beginning of the crisis, providing any support to the rebels and in return accuses the Congolese army of collaborating with the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR).