During a telephone interview with Djiboutian President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, Emmanuel Macron “marked his attachment to the stability of Djibouti in a regional environment weakened by the resumption of fighting in Ethiopia and the risk of a food crisis on the scale of the region “. The African Union, meanwhile, said it had extended the mandate of its special envoy to the Horn of Africa, Olusegun Obasanjo, to continue peace efforts in Ethiopia as fighting resumed in late August.
Ethiopia: a shaken pole of regional stability?
After five months of truce, the resumption of fighting in northern Ethiopia on August 24 has interrupted the delivery of humanitarian aid, particularly in the rebel region of Tigray, where it is essential, the UN lamented on Thursday September 8, so what clashes escalate between Tigrayan rebels and pro-government forces.
Strengthen the bilateral relationship
Djibouti is strategic for France, which relies on its largest military base abroad, with some 1,500 French soldiers. Emmanuel Macron and Ismaïl Omar Guelleh “reaffirmed the strength and the strategic nature of the defense relationship between France and Djibouti, as illustrated by the visit of the Minister of the Armed Forces of the French government on September 15 in Djibouti”, indicates the Élysée in a press release.
The two leaders also “discussed the main ongoing projects aimed at strengthening the bilateral relationship in the continuity of the visit of the President of the Republic to Djibouti in March 2019″, indicates the French presidency. President Guelleh was received at the Élysée in February 2021.
Djibouti – Ismaïl Omar Guelleh: “I will not allow the Constitution to be touched”
Fighting broke out on several fronts in northern Ethiopia, raising international concern and halting the delivery of humanitarian aid to Tigray. TPLF leader Debretsion Gebremichael earlier this week offered a conditional truce in a letter to UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres.
The truce depends…
According to him, the truce depends in particular on “unhindered humanitarian access” and the return of essential services in the Tigray region, affected by severe food shortages and deprived of electricity, communications and banking services. Debretsion Gebremichael also called for the withdrawal of Eritrean forces from all Ethiopian territory and Tigray. The Ethiopian government has not publicly commented on the request. from TPLF.
Ethiopia: Abiy Ahmed talks about possible negotiations with Tigray rebels
the African Union’s decision to extend the mandate of its special envoy to the Horn of Africa comes despite the Tigrayan rebels’ rejection of Obasanjo’s mediation aimed at ending the war that has pitted them against the government forces. “I reiterated my full confidence in him and encouraged him to continue his engagement with both parties and international actors to work for peace and reconciliation in Ethiopia and the region,” Moussa Faki Mahamat said on Twitter. Head of the African Union Commission, after his meeting with Olusegun Obasanjo.
Several diplomatic efforts are underway to find a peaceful resolution to the conflict after renewed fighting in northern Ethiopia last month shattered a truce established in March. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s government has insisted that any talks with the rebels must be conducted under the auspices of the African Union, headquartered in Addis Ababa. But the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) for its part denounced the “closeness” of Obasanjo, former Nigerian president, with the Ethiopian leader.
Moussa Faki Mahamat also met with the new US envoy for the Horn of Africa, Mike Hammer, visiting Addis Ababa in recent days, and they “agreed on the need for international partners to support the process led by the AU with the parties to end the conflict in Ethiopia”, does he have precise.