In the desert or along the West African coast? Algeria or Morocco? 2030 or later? Which of the “trans-African” gas pipeline projects will deliver Europe first? Although the discoveries of recent years offer significant potential, the connection of deposits and transport to Europe is limited. For several months the ambitions around of these two mega-projects have been relaunched.
For the time being, immediate solutions have been found, with the increase in deliveries from producing and connected countries such as Algeria. But in the longer term and with a view to sustainable and broader diversification, the projects of the two competing gas pipelines are resurfacing.
Last July, in Algiers, the Algerian Minister of Energy and Mines, Mohamed Arkab, and his counterparts from Nigeria and Niger signed a memorandum of understanding for the formalization of the Trans-Saharan Gas Pipeline Project (TSGP).
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With this meeting, against a backdrop of the energy crisis, the Algerian Minister said he hoped “to send a strong signal internationally, on the launch of the realization of the project “ to allow “sponsors to start prospecting for partners for financing and production. » The « Trans-Saharan gas pipeline » or Nigal, mentioned since the 1980s, should make it possible to transport 30 billion m³ of LNG from Nigeria and Niger to Algeria.
More recently, a competing project has emerged along the West African coast, led this time by Morocco and Nigeria. (see map). The Nigeria Morocco Gas Pipeline (NMPG) aims to extend the West African Gas Pipeline to Morocco (WapCo). This gas pipeline, which has been in service for ten years, delivers gas from Nigeria to Benin, Togo and Ghana. The American Chevron holds 36.9% of WapCo.