On December 31, 2021, a page in the contemporary history of France turned. With the abolition of the National School of Administration (ENA), the executive put an end to nearly eighty years of French tradition in the recruitment of its Tops state clerk.
Since her birth in 1945, she has formed four of the eight presidents of the Ve Republic and nine of the twenty-three Prime Ministers, not counting the very many ministers, secretaries of state, directors of cabinet or even ministerial advisers who irrigate the arteries of the ministries and the great bodies of the State.
A contested institution
The announcement made by Emmanuel Macron – himself a graduate of the school in 2004 – did not go unnoticed. This actually happened in April. 2019, either at the height of the crisis of the “yellow vests”, one of the most recurring criticisms of which was the “disconnection” of the elites.
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The Head of State justified his decision by explaining that these courses no longer represented “democratic sectors”, while evoking a “failure of the social elevator”. His detractors saw it as a form of demagoguery. On January 1, 2022, the ENA was replaced by the National Institute of service public.