On the tarmac of N’Djamena airport, on this afternoon of August 5, Mahamat Idriss Déby Itno advances towards the plane which must take him a few hours flight from his capital, in Qatar. Surrounded by his closest collaborators, the Chadian head of state knows that he is moving towards the validation of a decisive stage for the transition that he presides since the death of his father, Marshal Idriss Déby Itno, in April 2021. His Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mahamat Zene Chérif, and above all Ahmed Kogri, the head of the National Security Agency (ANS, intelligence), have kept informed of the latest developments in the Doha pre-dialogue. After five months of negotiations – without counting those of preparation – threats of withdrawal, banging on the table and deadlocks, the signing of an agreement with a majority of the politico-military groups present in Qatari lands is finally in seen.
Three days later, on August 8, the text is officially signed. The last seventy-two hours have been intense, with the Doha mediators trying to the last minute to convince the Front pour l’alternance et la concorde au Tchad (Fact), one of the main components of the armed opposition against N’Djamena, to ratify the text. In vain. Disappointed by the non-release of some of their fighters imprisoned in Chad, Mahamat Mahdi Ali’s men finally refused to sign, like Abakar Tollimi or Mahamat Hissein, but unlike some forty other groups (out of fifty-two initially present in the process). Among the signatories are Mahamat Nouri, head of the Union of Forces for Democracy and Development (UFDD), and Timan Erdimi, cousin of Mahamat Idriss Déby Itno, head of the Union of Forces of résistance (UFR).