After several postponements, the reconciliation forum will start on August 20 in N’Djamena. The first concrete sign of this march towards dialogue, Timan Erdimi, the leader of the Union of Resistance Forces (UFR) – whose columns, which were swooping down on the capital in 2019, had been stopped thanks to the bombardments of planes from the French army -, landed this Thursday morning at the city’s airport, where around fifty relatives were waiting for him. The rebel leader, cousin of Mahamat Idriss Déby Itno, had lived in exile in Qatar for ten years. After his failed offensive, the Chadian courts sentenced him in absentia to life imprisonment.
According to a decree signed on Wednesday August 17, “the inclusive national dialogue [sera] sovereign” and its resolutions will be “executory”. Upon his arrival at the head of the country, Mahamat Idriss Déby Itno, the president of the Transitional Military Council (CMT), had promised to organize a meeting between the opposition and the army to allow the transfer of power to civilians and elections. The dialogue which will open on Saturday must lead to “free and democratic” elections, the Chadian authorities have promised.
Ni Succès Masra ni Wakit Tamma
On Saturday, some 1,400 delegates, members of unions, parties and the CMT, will meet for three weeks to discuss the reform of institutions and a new Constitution, which will then be submitted to a referendum. Some forty rebel groups, including some led offensives to the gates of the presidential palace, will also take part in the event, after having signed, on August 8, after five months of sometimes stormy negotiations, a peace agreement with the junta in Doha.
Chad: waltz of heads of state in N’Djamena before the opening of the national dialogue
But two of the main rebel groups, including the Front pour l’alternance et la concorde au Tchad (FACT), behind the attack that claimed the life of Idriss Déby Itno in April 2021, refused to sign this agreement. . Wakit Tamma, a coalition of opposition parties and civil society members, also refused to take part in the dialogue, accusing the junta of perpetrating “human rights violations”. “The sovereign nature of the dialogue should have been enshrined in the transition charter, because a decree can be canceled at any time by a unilateral will”, denounced Succès Masra, president of the Transformers, a member party of Waket Mare.