On April 7, after a year of estrangement, the head of the Spanish government Pedro Sánchez traveled to Rabat to meet his counterpart, Aziz Akhannouch, as well as King Mohammed VI, and seal with great fanfare the reconciliation between Spain and Morocco. .
After the royal audience, Rabat et Madrid had announced the development of a sixteen-point roadmap supposed to govern the new relations between the two kingdoms. Particularly expected: the normalization of trade and customs relations between the kingdom and the two Spanish presidencies Ceuta and Melilla.
Morocco-Spain: Pedro Sánchez, chronicle of an ideological shift
The day after this diplomatic operation, Pedro Sánchez had raised the possibility of reopening borders and customs between Morocco and the enclave of Melilla (closed since 2018) and the installation of commercial customs for the enclave of Ceuta, an old request from Madrid.
A way for the head of the Spanish government to respond to his opponents politicians, who consider that Madrid obtained nothing from Morocco in exchange for its diplomatic volte-face on the Sahara.
Record inflation rate
If the borders were reopened in mid-May, commercial customs remain closed four months after the commitment made by de Sanchez. However, the economy of the two Spanish enclaves is dependent on cross-border trade. They are now on the verge of asphyxiation.
Especially since if the legal trade has been stopped since 2018 in Melilla, the contraband trade has also been blocked by the Moroccan authorities since October 2019 in Ceuta and March 2020. at Melilla.