Removed the day after Macky Sall’s re-election in February 2019, the post of Prime Minister has just reappeared in Senegal. It remains to be seen who will inherit it.
“The President of the Republic today promulgated the constitutional law abolishing the post of Prime Minister”. On May 14, 2019, a few weeks after being re-elected in the first round of the presidential election (with 58.26%), Macky Sall announced this controversial reform, endorsed by the National Assembly a few days earlier: he would now do without Prime Minister and would drive government action alone.
By way of explanation, an Anglo-Saxon slogan: “fast-track”. “When we aspire to emergence and we are held by the imperative of the result, the urgency of the tasks to be accomplished requires diligence in the work. What needs to be done today cannot be put off until tomorrow. This is the course I intend to set for the teams who will accompany me in this new impetus for transformative reforms, ”Macky Sall was justified at the time.
Supposed to improve this desire for energetic reforms, the abolition of the post of Prime Minister had been approved by a large majority of deputies, even if the detractors of the head of state had then argued that it had not been announced by Macky Sall before his re-election – from the first round – in February 2019.
Nineteen months later, he therefore changed his mind. This November 24, shortly before leaving Senegal for the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), where he must in particular prepare the transition to the presidency of the African Union (AU) with his counterpart Félix Tshisekedi, Macky Sall has indeed informed his government that he was retracing his steps and was counting on resuscitating the office of Prime Minister.
“The President of the Republic has also informed the Council of his desire to initiate a revision of the Constitution with a view to the establishment of the post of Prime Minister,” we can read in the official press release of the Council of Ministers dated November 24. This restoration, which thus comes to adapt the organization of the executive power to a new economic and socio-political environment, is accompanied by a necessary requalification of the relations between the executive and the legislative, in particular the reintroduction of the responsibility of the government before the National Assembly and the power to dissolve it, vested in the President of the Republic. “
A return to the previous situation therefore, within the framework of a reform which will be submitted to the National Assembly under an emergency procedure over the next few days, and whose adoption should only be a formality.
It remains to be seen when the next Prime Minister will take office and, above all, who will be the lucky one.
According to our information, Amadou Ba, Minister of the Economy and Finance from 2013 to 2019 and then of Foreign Affairs until the reshuffle of November 1, 2020, seems in pole position. But Amadou Hott, who became Minister of the Economy, Planning and International Cooperation in 2019, is also mentioned as a possible candidate.